Antioxidant: A class of nutrients that help the body prevent free radical damage to healthy cells.
Esters: Compounds formed by a reaction between an alcohol and acid.
Homocysteine: An amino acid. Elevated blood levels of homocysteine have been linked to increased risk of premature coronary artery disease and stroke, even among people who have normal cholesterol levels.
Hypercholesterolemia: Excess of cholesterol in the blood.
Hyperlipidemic: Excess of fats or lipids in the blood plasma.
LDL Cholesterol: Low density lipoprotein cholesterol, the bad cholesterol.
Microcrystalline: Made up of minute crystals.
Phytostanols: Fully saturated plant sterols.
Phytosterols: Compounds in plants that have been shown to help lower total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol.
Plant sterols: Another name for phytosterols.
Sitostanol: A fully saturated plant sterol that may reduce serum cholesterol by inhibiting cholesterol absorption.
Tocopherols: Vitamin E antioxidant compounds.
Tocotrieniols: Vitamin E antioxidant compounds.
Triacylglycerol: Also known as triglyceride. The major fat reserves found in plants and animals. Elevated amounts in the blood may increase the risk of heart disease.